Click the links below to jump to a particular Year Group:
At Key Stage Two pupils will do a range of different topics in Science. All topics will have a test at the end.
In Materials World pupils build a systematic understanding of materials by exploring and comparing the properties of a broad range of materials, including relating these to what they learnt about magnetism in Year 3 and about electricity in Year 4. They will explore reversible changes; including evaporating, filtering, sieving, melting and dissolving, recognising that melting and dissolving are different processes.
In Out of this World pupils will be introduced to a model of the Sun and Earth that enables them to explain day and night. Pupils will learn that the Sun is a star at the centre of our solar system and that it has 8 planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune (Pluto was reclassified as a ‘dwarf planet’ in 2006).
In Let’s Get Moving pupils explore falling objects and the effects of air resistance. They will explore the effects of air resistance by observing how different objects such as parachutes and sycamore seeds fall. They will experience forces that make things begin to move, get faster or slow down. Pupils will explore the effects of friction on movement and find out how it slows or stops moving objects, for example, by observing the effects of a brake on a bicycle wheel. Pupils will explore the effects of levers, pulleys and simple machines on movement.
In Circle of Life pupils look at the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird. They will describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals. Pupils will get the opportunity to look at the environment around school.
In Growing Up and Growing Old pupils learn about stages in the growth and development of humans. They will learn about the changes experienced in puberty.
In Staying Alive pupils will build on their learning from Years 3 and 4 about the main body parts and internal organs (skeletal, muscular and digestive system) to explore and answer questions that help them to understand how the circulatory system enables the body to function.
They will learn how to keep their bodies healthy and how their bodies might be damaged – including how some drugs and other substances can be harmful to the human body.
In Classifying Critters pupils will build on their learning about grouping living things in Year 4 by looking at the classification system in more detail. They will be introduced to the idea that broad groupings, such as micro-organisms, plants and animals can be subdivided. They will classify animals into commonly found invertebrates (such as insects, spiders, snails, worms) and vertebrates (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals).
Let it Shine will build on the work on light in Year 3, exploring the way that light behaves, including light sources, reflection and shadows.
Electrifying will build on work from Year 4. Pupils will construct simple series circuits, to help them to answer questions about what happens when they try different components, for example, switches, bulbs, buzzers and motors. They will learn how to represent a simple circuit in a diagram using recognised symbols.
Building on what they learned about fossils in the topic on rocks in Year 3, in We’re Evolving pupils will find out more about how living things on earth have changed over time. They will be introduced to the idea that characteristics are passed from parents to their offspring, for instance by considering different breeds of dogs, and what happens when, for example, Labradors are crossed with poodles. They should also appreciate that variation in offspring over time can make animals more or less able to survive in particular environments, for example, by exploring how giraffes’ necks got longer, or the development of insulating fur on the arctic fox.
In Year 7 pupils start the Key Stage Three Science curriculum. We follow the Activate course produced by Oxford University Press.
In the autumn term we start with Cells.
Pupils will cover the following key areas:
- cells as the fundamental unit of living organisms, including how to observe, interpret and record cell structure using a light microscope
- the functions of the cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, vacuole, mitochondria and chloroplasts
- the similarities and differences between plant and animal cells
- the role of diffusion in the movement of materials in and between cells
In the Particles topic pupils build on their knowledge of the states of matter from KS2:
- the differences in arrangements, in motion and in closeness of particles explaining changes of state, shape and density; the anomaly of ice-water transition
- atoms and molecules as particles
- the properties of the different states of matter (solid, liquid and gas) in terms of the particle model, including gas pressure
- changes of state in terms of the particle model
In the Light topic pupils learn:
- the similarities and differences between light waves and waves in matter
- light waves travelling through a vacuum; speed of light
- the transmission of light through materials: absorption, diffuse scattering and specular reflection at a surface
- use of ray model to explain imaging in mirrors, the pinhole camera, the refraction of light and action of convex lens in focusing (qualitative); the human eye
- light transferring energy from source to absorber, leading to chemical and electrical effects; photosensitive material in the retina and in cameras
- colours and the different frequencies of light, white light and prisms (qualitative only); differential colour effects in absorption and diffuse reflection
Building on work at KS2, in Body Systems covers the skeletal and muscular systems including:
- the structure and functions of the human skeleton, to include support, protection, movement and making blood cells
- biomechanics – the interaction between skeleton and muscles, including the measurement of force exerted by different muscles
- the structure and functions of the gas exchange system in humans, including adaptations to function
Elements, Atoms and Compounds introduces pupils to the periodic table and chemical formulae:
- a simple (Dalton) atomic model
- differences between atoms, elements and compounds
- chemical symbols and formulae for elements and compounds
The Forces topic will again build on prior learning at KS2:
- forces as pushes or pulls, arising from the interaction between 2 objects
- using force arrows in diagrams, adding forces in 1 dimension, balanced and unbalanced forces
- moment as the turning effect of a force
- forces: associated with deforming objects; stretching and squashing – springs; with rubbing and friction between surfaces, with pushing things out of the way; resistance to motion of air and water
- forces measured in newtons, measurements of stretch or compression as force is changed
- force-extension linear relation; Hooke’s Law as a special case
- work done and energy changes on deformation
- non-contact forces: gravity forces acting at a distance on Earth and in space, forces between magnets, and forces due to static electricity
During the Reproduction topic pupils will learn about human and plant reproduction including:
- the structure and function of the male and female reproductive systems, menstrual cycle (without details of hormones), gametes, fertilisation, gestation and birth, to include the effect of maternal lifestyle on the foetus through the placenta
- reproduction in plants, including flower structure, wind and insect pollination, fertilisation, seed and fruit formation and dispersal, including quantitative investigation of some dispersal mechanisms
In Acids and Alkalis:
- defining acids and alkalis in terms of neutralisation reactions
- the pH scale for measuring acidity/alkalinity; and indicators
- reactions of acids with metals to produce a salt plus hydrogen
- reactions of acids with alkalis to produce a salt plus water
In Space pupils will extend their understanding of the Solar System including:
- our sun as a star, other stars in our galaxy, other galaxies
- the seasons and the Earth’s tilt, day length at different times of year, in different hemispheres
- the light year as a unit of astronomical distance
In Health and Lifestyle pupils will learn:
- the content of a healthy human diet: carbohydrates, lipids (fats and oils), proteins, vitamins, minerals, dietary fibre and water, and why each is needed
- calculations of energy requirements in a healthy daily diet
- the consequences of imbalances in the diet, including obesity, starvation and deficiency diseases
- the tissues and organs of the human digestive system, including adaptations to function and how the digestive system digests food (enzymes simply as biological catalysts)
- the importance of bacteria in the human digestive system
- plants making carbohydrates in their leaves by photosynthesis and gaining mineral nutrients and water from the soil via their roots
Building on work from Year 7 in The Periodic Table pupils will learn:
- the varying physical and chemical properties of different elements
- the principles underpinning the Mendeleev periodic table
- the periodic table: periods and groups; metals and non-metals
- how patterns in reactions can be predicted with reference to the periodic table
- the properties of metals and non-metals
- the chemical properties of metal and non-metal oxides with respect to acidity
The Energy topic will cover:
- comparing energy values of different foods (from labels) (kJ)
- comparing power ratings of appliances in watts (W, kW)
- comparing amounts of energy transferred (J, kJ, kW hour)
- domestic fuel bills, fuel use and costs
- fuels and energy resources
In Ecosystem Processes pupils will learn:
- the interdependence of organisms in an ecosystem, including food webs and insect pollinated crops
- the importance of plant reproduction through insect pollination in human food security
- how organisms affect, and are affected by, their environment, including the accumulation of toxic materials
Electricity and Magnetism will look at:
- electric current, measured in amperes, in circuits, series and parallel circuits, currents add where branches meet and current as flow of charge
- potential difference, measured in volts, battery and bulb ratings; resistance, measured in ohms, as the ratio of potential difference (p.d.) to current
- differences in resistance between conducting and insulating components (quantitative)
- separation of positive or negative charges when objects are rubbed together: transfer of electrons, forces between charged objects
- the idea of electric field, forces acting across the space between objects not in contact
- magnetic poles, attraction and repulsion
- magnetic fields by plotting with compass, representation by field lines
- Earth’s magnetism, compass and navigation
- the magnetic effect of a current, electromagnets, DC motors (principles only)
In Adaption and Inheritance pupils will learn about:
- heredity as the process by which genetic information is transmitted from one generation to the next
- a simple model of chromosomes, genes and DNA
- differences between species
- the variation between individuals within a species being continuous or discontinuous, to include measurement and graphical representation of variation
- the variation between species and between individuals of the same species meaning some organisms compete more successfully, which can drive natural selection
- changes in the environment which may leave individuals within a species, and some entire species, less well adapted to compete successfully and reproduce, which in turn may lead to extinction
- the importance of maintaining biodiversity and the use of gene banks to preserve hereditary material
The Earth will cover:
- the composition of the Earth
- the structure of the Earth
- the rock cycle and the formation of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks
- Earth as a source of limited resources and the efficacy of recycling
- the composition of the atmosphere
- the production of carbon dioxide by human activity and the impact on climate